Айдана Арынбек, эксперт Отдела международного сотрудничества и исследований Центра политического анализа и стратегических исследований партии «Нұр Отан»
From the beginning of 2017, international media has been comparing the capital Astana with the world diplomatic center – Geneva. It is widely known that this year Astana played an active role in contributing to the Syria crisis settlement, by introducing a platform for peace talks. UN Special Envoy for Syria Staffan de Mistura noted that Astana platform demonstrates Kazakhstan’s broader international effort. Furthermore, he considers that Astana and Geneva talks are «complementary and mutually supportive actions». In fact, the main aim of the Astana Peace Process is to make a major contribution to the international effort of de-escalation of violence and the strengthening of the ceasefire in Syria.
It is valuable to note that over the years Kazakhstan showed its commitment to multilateral diplomacy, international peace and security, and global development. Due to successful foreign policy of the President Nursultan Nazarbayev, it can be said that Kazakhstan has established a solid foundation for becoming a diplomatic hub of Eurasia. One of the key achievements of Kazakhstan's foreign policy is becoming the first country of Central Asia to be elected as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council. Also, it should be mentioned that the Manifesto of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan «The World. The 21st century» acquired status of an official document of the United Nations. The primary goal of this document is to promote the idea of a world free of nuclear weapons. Besides, it offers very efficient algorithm in solving current global security issues.
It is important to highlight the role of Kazakhstan in contributing to international conflict settlement. Namely, Kazakhstan participated in settlement of political issue in Kyrgyzstan arisen as a result of Kyrgyz revolution in 2010. Additionally, President Nazarbayev worked as a mediator between Ankara and Moscow in 2015. Moreover, in 2013, Kazakhstan hosted two rounds of multilateral talks on Iranian nuclear program that gained high appreciation by the international community. Nowadays Kazakhstan holds a strong neutral position in relation to Ukrainian and Syrian crisis, by encouraging conflicting sides to peacefully resolve the conflict.
Consequently, Kazakhstan has already gained a considerable experience in promotion of international peace and security. It can be argued that Astana has an enormous potential to become the «Geneva of Eurasia». As a result, Kazakhstan can be recognized as a neutral country that will enable to ensure its national security in the long-term perspective.